Following is a examination of how the Christian and the Atheist account for the existence of logic. Please take your time in going through each of the statements to make sure you understand and take them in, as it is easy to get lost in them.
How the Christian Accounts for the Laws of Logic
- The Christian worldview states that God is absolute and the standard of truth
- God exists without being dependent upon anyone else.
- God’s being the standard of truth makes His knowledge our absolute goal.
- Therefore the absolute laws of logic exist because they reflect the nature of an absolute God.
- The laws of logic, like God, are not dependent upon anyone or anything.
- The laws of logic are not a creation of God since they only reflect His nature. Since God is eternal, so are the laws of logic.
- Man, being in God’s image, is capable of discovering these laws, but he does not invent them.
- Since we are able to discover the attributes of God we are also capable of discovering logic.
- We cannot invent the laws of logic just like we cannot invent the nature of God. If we try to hold a law that is contrary to His nature, it is not logic. It is not truth.
So using these premises, we conclude that man can only discover (not invent) the eternal laws of logic as reflections of the nature of God.
How the Skeptic Accounts for the Laws of Logic
- An atheist may say that the laws of logic are conventions (mutually agreed upon conclusions).
- If this were the case then the laws are not absolute because they are subject to vote and therefore subject to change on any day we choose.
- An atheist may say that the laws of logic are dependent upon different people’s minds.
- This is a problem because different people’s minds are different. Therefore, they cannot be based on human thinking since human thinking is often contradictory.
- An atheist may appeal to the scientific method to explain the laws of logic.
- The statement would then be false because the atheist is then using circular argumentation to try proving his point because the scientific method itself is dependent upon logic, since it reasons through observation in study.
- An atheist may state that the laws of logic are derived through observing natural principles found in nature.
- The problem here is that they are confusing the mind with the universe. We discover the laws of physics by observing and studying the behavior of things around us, but the laws of logic are not the result of such study. The laws of logic are conceptual realities, meaning that they exist only in the mind. They do not describe physical behaviors or actions because those things are described by physics. Logic describes and defines truth, therefore it is the process which allows us to validate the discoveries of things within the field of physics.
So we see that it is possible to prove the existence of logic according to the Christian worldview, but the Atheistic view is riddled with inconsistencies that it cannot explain.