What is the Holy Spirit?

What is the Holy Spirit?

Detail: What is the Holy Spirit? What Scripture exists to explain how it works?

Starting out, it is important to point out that the Holy Spirit is not an it, but a he, therefore the proper question is “Who is the Holy Spirit?“. To call the Spirit an ‘it’ makes it out to be some sort of impersonal force like other faiths tend to believe, however in scripture we are told that the Spirit speaks (Acts 8:29; 13:2), has emotions like grief (Ephesians 4:30) and has a will (1 Corinthians 12:11). In addition we see that there is an abundance of things that the Spirit does in and through us:

  • Believers are born of him – John 3:3-6
  • He anoints us for service – Luke 4:18
  • He assures us – Romans 8:15-16; Galatians 4:6
  • He authors scripture – 2 Peter 1:20-21
  • He baptizes us – John 1:23-34; 1 Corinthians 12:13-14
  • He calls and commissions us – Acts 13:24; 20:28
  • He cleanses us – 1 Thessalonians 3:13; 1 Peter 1:2
  • He convicts us of sin – John 16:9,14
  • He creates – Genesis 1:2; Job 33:4
  • He empowers us – 1 Thessalonians. 1:5; Luke 24:49
  • He fills us – Acts 2:4; 4:29-31; 5:18-20
  • He gives us access to God – Ephesians 2:18
  • He gives us gifts – 1 Corinthians 12:8-11
  • He gives us victory over our flesh – Romans 8:2-4; Galatians 4:6
  • He glorifies Christ – John 16:14
  • He guides us in truth – John 16:13
  • He helps us in our weakness – Romans 8:26
  • He helps us worship – Philippians 3:3
  • He indwells believers – Romans 8:9-14; Galatians 4:6
  • He inspires prayer – Ephesians 6:18; Jude 20
  • He intercedes -Romans 8:26
  • He interprets scripture – 1 Corinthians 2:1,14; Ephesians 1:17
  • He leads us – Romans 8:14
  • He liberates us – Romans 8:2
  • He molds our character – Galatians 5:22-23
  • He produces fruit in us – Galatians 5:22-23
  • He raises us from the dead – Romans 8:11
  • He regenerates us – Titus 3:5
  • He sanctifies us – Romans 15:16
  • He seals us – Ephesians 1:13-14; 4:30
  • He strengthens us – Ephesians 3:16; Acts 1:8; 2:4; 1 Corinthians 2:4
  • He teaches us – John 14:26
  • He testifies of Jesus – John 15:26